(Vaccinium myrtillus; 250 mg/ml)
â€¢ used to treat diarrhoea â€¢ used to treat digestive disorders â€¢ used to treat circulatory problems, including varicose veins, haemorrhoids, and easy bruising â€¢ used for the treatment and prevention of eye conditions such as cataracts, macular degenerative myopia, eyestrain, retinopathy, and night blindness â€¢ Used adjunctively with dietary change for management of mild to moderate non-insulin dependent type two diabetes mellitus â€¢ Used adjunctively with dietary change for management of mild to moderate hyperlipidemia
Bilberry is an herbal remedy that has been employed for nearly a thousand years in Western medicine.
Bilberry has been traditionally used for cases of non-specific, acute diarrhoea. Its astringent therapeutic action arises from the high tannin content of the berry.
Modern research lists bilberry's other well-documented medicinal effects: assists vision; decreases vascular permeability; protects against oxidative stress; astringent and anti-inflammatory to mucosa of the intestinal tract.
Traditionally bilberry has been used to treat problems of visual acuity. In fact, fighter pilots during World War II used the berry to enhance their night vision. Focussing on the powerfully antioxidant flavonoids called anthocyanosides that it contains, subsequent studies have verified its â€œeffectiveness in improving night time vision, faster restoration of vision after a glare, as well as in the treatment of many other eye disorders, including diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration, cataracts, and glaucoma, as well as varicose veins.â€ These same flavonoids â€œstrengthen blood vessels, improve circulation, and prevent the oxidation of LDL (â€˜bad') cholesterol, a major risk factor for atherosclerosis.â€ Not only that, but they protect the stomach lining from digestive acids and act as a prophylactic against ulcers.
Bilberry leaves were shown to contain a particularly high chromium level of 9.0 ppm. Chromium is a component of the so-called glucose tolerance factor, which is suitable for treating induced diabetes mellitus type II in animal experiments. Indeed, preliminary evidence suggests that bilberry leaf extract has blood glucose, triglyceride, and cholesterol lowering effects.