A powerful antibacterial and antifungal agent. The specific indications for Hydrastis are boggy, atonic mucous membranes with a tendency to oversecrete, bleed, or become infected. It is useful for upper respiratory infection including tonsillitis, strep throat, sore throat, sinus infection, uvulitis where there is excess mucus and post nasal drip. Goldenseal has a long tradition of use as a local antibacterial, especially to the skin, throat, sinuses, GI tract, and urinary tract. Rich in alkaloids, espeically the intense yellow coloured berberine, this herb has shown activity against a wide range of pathogens. Because it is bitter, Goldenseal will stimulate digestion and absorption. In clinical trials, Goldenseal benefitted hypochlorhydria, chronic cholecystitis, acute gastroenteritis, gastric ulcers, bacillary dysentery, cervical erosion and conjunctivitis.